Most Common Questions & Answers

Welcome to our FAQ section, designed to provide quick answers to questions you might have.
If you need further assistance, don’t hesitate to contact us directly. Your queries matter to us, and we’re here to help!
Vertical balers
What’s the difference between the B-series and the X-series balers?

Our B series machines all share the classic design with exterior cylinders. These machines were created specifically for baling cardboard, paper, and dry soft plastic (shrink wrap).

Our X series balers are our heavy-duty low-profile machines with interior cross cylinders. These machines were designed to handle various types of bulky waste materials. The X series balers provide a quiet working environment with the lowest noise level on the market.

Do you have balers in other colours?

Yes, we do offer custom colors as special orders for an additional fee.

The standard yellow color of our balers is based on a scientific study of the basic human psychology that states yellow captures our attention more than any other color. The Bramidan yellow means that our balers are very easy to see in all types of working environments, which reduces the overall risk for accidents.

Can I get a baler with a different door?
Yes. We offer balers with a sliding or flap door solution. You can read more about our different door types in this article.
How much noise does a baler make?

All of our balers are usually very quiet and can be placed in a variety of work environments without causing a disturbance.

Our B-series vertical balers have a very low noise level that never exceeds 57 – 68 decibels. The noise is comparable to that of a vacuum cleaner or air conditioning system.

Our X-series vertical balers have an even lower noise level that does not exceed 59 decibels. The noise is equivalent to conversational speech.

What compaction ratio can I expect when I compact my waste?
Compaction ratios of up to 10:1 can be expected for cardboard and low density plastic.
Can I get a baler with a door that doesn’t open outwards?

We offer a door solution that does not swing outwards. To allow more direct access to the chamber from all sides and provide more space around the baler, we have designed a manual vertical door that opens upwards on our B-series machines.

This door option is designed for sites with a narrow, limited amount of space.

What can I put in a baler?

You can compact a surprising number of different types of waste in a vertical baler.

We offer machines to bale:

  • Cardboard and paper
  • Shrink wrap and plastic packaging
  • Plastic PET bottles
  • Plastic trays and containers
  • Aluminum and tin cans
  • Fibrous materials, e.g., cotton and wool
  • Drums and barrels
  • Expanded plastic (EPS)
  • General production waste
  • Shredded waste

Contact a member of our sales team to discuss a baler solution for your specific waste type.

How large are the bales made by a vertical baler?

The weight and size of a finished bale depends on the size of the machine and the waste type.

Our small footprint vertical balers, like the B3 and B4 models, make smaller easy-to-handle bales. Finished bales made in one of these machines weigh between 66 – 220 lbs. for cardboard and 88 – 286 lbs. for plastic. Using a bale cart, the bales can be easily moved around your facility for storage or pickup.

Our medium size balers make a heavier bale that can be ejected and stored on a standard pallet. Finished bales weigh between 440 -772 lbs. for cardboard and 550 – 992 lbs. for plastic. Using a pallet jack or forklift, the bales can be easily transported.

Our large balers, like the B6030 and X30 HD models, make bales that are as heavy as Large Size Balers compact bales as heavy as 825 – 1,200 lbs. for cardboard and 880 – 1,300 lbs. for plastic. View the finished bale size dimensions of our balers under Product Specifications.

Is it possible to handle bales without fork lifts and ramps?
Yes, it is unnecessary to use a forklift to remove finsihed bales form our B3 and B4 small footprint balers. If needed, we can adjust the machine to make smaller bales which are no heavier than 55 – 65 lbs.
Do you supply vertical balers that achieve minimum 400 kilo bales?

Yes, we do. Our 60” baler, the B6030, makes bales that meet standard mill-size dimensions and weight specifications. Finished bales weigh 800 – 1,300 lbs., depending on the material.

The low-profile design allows the baler to fit an 8 foot dock door standing up. Once the cylinders are raised, it can be installed and operated under an 11 foot ceiling.

What can I compact in the Bramidan B-series balers?

Our B-series balers are designed to compact cardboard, paper, and dry soft plastic (shrink wrap).

Contact a member of our sales team prior to compacting any other types of materials in your baler.

What can I compact in the Bramidan X-series balers?

Our X-series balers are designed to compact a variety of different heavy-duty waste materials, such as plastic bottles (PET), expandable plastic, aluminium or tin cans, and big bags. They are also very efficient at compacting materials like cardboard, paper, and dry soft plastic (shrink wrap).

Contact a member of our sales team before compacting other types of materials in your baler.

How does a baler work?

A vertical baler is a machine that reduces the overall volume of your loose waste material by making a compact and tight bundle called a bale.

Using the filling opening, you can easily toss your loose cardboard or soft plastic into the baler. A press plate uses extreme force to compress the material by pushing downward. The material remains compacted due to the retainer dogs inside of the chamber of the baler.

Continue to throw material into the baler until you have compacted enough waste for a full bale. Then, the finished bale is manually tied off with polyblend strapping or wire. The size and weight of the finished bale are determined by the size of your baler.

The finished bales take up a limited amount of space and are easy to move. Baling your waste material offers you an easy solution for waste disposal.

Bramidan offers a variety of different baler designs that are perfect for handling your waste.

Our specialists are ready to advise you on the type of baler that will best suit the needs of your business. Please contact a member of our team for further information.

Can your machine weigh the bales for me?

No, our balers do not have a built-in scale. However, the bale size and weight do not fluctuate by much and will usually be the same.

Our BRA-IN monitoring solution allows you to view the average weight and number of bales made in your baler each week and/or month. You can also create reports for recycling compliance.

Which door type is the most suitable when I need to compact PET bottles?

Our Flap Door is specially developed for handling PET bottles.

The Flap Door works just like a chute for the bottles and makes it easy to throw bottles directly into the baler either separately or in full sacks.

How do I know which baler model I need?

The baler model that is best for you depends on the type and volume of material and the amount you generate daily. It also depends on the amount of space you have at your facility.

Using this information, we can determine the proper waste solution for you and your company. Our sales team is happy to work with you to find the best fit for your company’s structure and internal work processes.

Horizontal baler
How is the finished bale tied off in a horizontal channel baler?
All horizontal channel balers have automatic bale tying and bale length can be adjusted to your needs and preferences.
What is the cycle time of a horizontal baler?
The cycle time is the time from the press starts till it has returned into position again, and you can continue fill in more waste. The cycle time depends on the machine type and can be as short as 24 secs.
What can I compress in a horizontal baler?
A horizontal baler can be used to compress soft materials such as cardboard, paper, and shredded PET.
How do I fill my waste material into the horizontal baler?

We offer a variety of filling options for our horizontal balers depending on your needs, like filling from both sides, from the back, and from the top. Both manual filling and automatic filling is possible.

Please consult with our sales team to learn about the filling options.

What is the difference between a vertical baler and a horizontal baler?

The main difference between the two baler types is the direction of their press stroke.

Vertical balers compress waste materials with a vertical downward force. Waste materials are thrown into a chamber and a press plate moves from the top of the chamber towards the bottom. When a cardboard bale or plastic bale has been made, it is tipped out of the vertical chamber onto a pallet.

Horizontal balers process waste differently than vertical balers. Recyclable waste is thrown into a hopper, and a platen from the side compresses the material with a horizontal force until a bale is complete. The bale is then tied off with wires and pushed out of the machine on two guide rails.

With regard to waste types and volumes handled in vertical balers vs. horizontal balers, they can process many of the same waste materials. Horizontal balers can compact larger bales and a higher volume per day than vertical balers. Furthermore, horizontal balers can be used with in-ground or above-ground conveyor belts, shredders, and air systems. Such applications provide convenience for the consumer and often require less manpower to operate.

But vertical balers take up far less space than horizontal balers, which allows them to be easily used in wider variety of applications than horizontal balers.

When choosing the proper baler, there are several questions to answer. Contact our specialists – they are ready to help you find the type of baler that will best suit the needs of your individual business.

How large are the bales produced in a horizontal baler?

The size of the bales depends on the channel baler. Have look at the product specifications here. Bale weights vary depending on channel baler model and material. Expect bale weights between 440 and 660 lbs in the smallest model and 770 and 990 lbs in the largest model.

In general, plastic gives the heaviest bales and cardboard and paper the lightest bales.

Where should I install the horizontal baler?

The horizontal baler can be placed both indoors and outdoors. The machine requires a solid foundation e.g. concrete or pavement that can support the weight.

If you place the baler outside, we recommend that you place it under a roof to protect it from wear and tear.

Our sales consultant will help you identify the best place to install your baler.

Is a horizontal baler easy to operate?
It is very easy to operate, but training in correct use of the machine is necessary. We recommend appointing one employee as ‘super user’. The ‘super user’ can train other employees and supervise their use of the machine to avoid accidents and machine malfunction. The ‘super user’ should also be trained in and be responsible for maintenance and light machine repairs.
Can I connect my wet waste compactor to a static or Self-Contained Compactor?
Yes, your wet waste compactor can be connected to a static or Self-Contained Compactor. Once your waste has been drained, you can collect it in a compactor for further compaction or for storage.
Does a compactor require a lot of service?

No, it does not. Our compactors are designed for long life durability.

The machines only require an annual safety check as prescribed by law. During the service check, the service technician will ensure that your equipment lives up to the applicable rules regarding for safety and functionality.

We provide a professional service set-up designed to meet the individual needs of our customers, including flexible service contracts. With a service contract, you always have an up-to-date machine with the latest technology and user friendliness.

Can I load the screw compactor continuously?

Yes, you can. The screw efficiently crushes the material into small fragments and ensures that the bulky material does not get stuck or clog the feeder.

This eliminates the need to wait for the press cycle of the press plate — which can take up to a minute — because of the screw’s continuous operation. A screw compactor is ideal for fast clean up, because there is no waiting time.

What kind of preparations do I need to do before installing my Self-Contained Compactor?
Installing a Self-Contained Compactor requires no structural or site adaptions before installation and there are minimal requirements for the foundation. All it takes before use are the necessary electrical connections. Just plug it in and it is ready for use.
Can I get automatic feeding options for my compactor?

Our static compactors and screw compactors can be seamlessly integrated into already existing waste handling or production facilities and can be connected to inline automation solutions.

Please consult with a member of our team to hear more about your options for automating your waste handling

How do I know if I need a static compactor or a Self-Contained Compactor?
Whether you need a static compactor or a Self-Contained Compactor depends on a number of factors. What you need to consider is how much waste you have, what kind of waste material you have, your internal work processes, how much space you have for a compactor solution, and if the solution should be integrated in an existing facility.
What does a screw compactor do?
A screw or auger compactor consists of a large, continuously rotating auger, which is situated between the feeder, or waste collector, and the container. When solid waste is fed into the collector, the screw crushes the material and pulls it into the container.
Is a compactor safe to operate?

A compactor is very safe to operate and requires no special skills. All compactors are reliable and thoroughly tested to ensure that they meet the highest safety standards.

Everyone can safely load the machine. All mechanical and electrical parts are placed inside the machine, out of reach for users. Furthermore, several safety features are in place to protect the user. The control panel is placed on the outside of the machine and gives the user easy access to start the machine. An emergency stop is also placed on the control panel within fast and easy reach.

Our compactors are manufactured by our trusted German collaborator, Presto. Presto has more than 50 years of experience within the area of environmental engineering and their products are highly recognized in the business. They all carry the EU CE marking and meet the essential requirements for health and safety set forth by the European Union. In addition, two machine groups are certified according to GS, Geprûfte Sicherheit, which means that they have been tested by a German state-approved independent laboratory to prove and ensure their safety.

As a company, Presto is certified with the ISO 9001 and SmS, Sicherheit mit System, certificates, which means that the company assesses and considers the quality and safety requirements of their customers and the requirements of the applicable standard. This is your guarantee that each Presto product will meet or beat the highest requirements of safety anytime.

Can I use a compactor for wood?

Yes, you can. However, the type of compactor that you need, depends on the shape and the volume of the wood material.

Please consult with us before using your compactor for wood and other hard and bulky materials.

What kind of power supply is needed?

Our compactors use 3 L / N / PE; 400 V,50 Hz as standard.

The static and Self-Contained Compactor use 16-32 amperes. The screw compactors usually use 63 amperes.

You can check the required power supply for each compactor in the product specific tech specs.

What are the benefits of a static compactor?

Because it consists of two separate units, the capacity of the container is approx. 50% larger in a static compactor than in a mobile compactor. This makes the static compactor suitable for very large amounts of waste. A static compactor also enables continuous feeding because once a full container is removed for emptying, a replacement container is instantly put in its place. This eliminates waiting time and counters waste heaps.

Another benefit of the static container is that, because it is a static solution, it can be integrated into an existing building or site with hoppers, feeders and solutions for automation.

Can I use a compactor for organic waste?

Yes, we offer special Self-Contained Compactors for organic waste, e.g., waste from foods. Organic waste can leave obnoxious smells or leak through the door.

Our Self-Contained Compactors are specially designed to compact organic, moist, or commercial waste that is similar to household waste.

The press plate in these compactors is self-cleaning to counter smells and the door is sealed to prevent splashing and leaking.

Why should I choose a Self-Contained Compactor?
With a Self-Contained Compactor, structural changes to the site are not necessary. You simply connect the system to the local power supply and it is ready to use. This makes the Self-Contained Compactor a flexible solution that can be integrated into any environment – even for a limited time period.
Can the compactor be integrated with the building?

It is possible to integrate your static or screw compactor with the building, e.g., with a wall hopper that enables feeding from inside directly into the compactor through the wall. This can be an advantage if you generate a lot of your waste inside. With a wall hopper, you can streamline your waste handling by eliminating having to go outside to dispose your waste into the compactor.

Reach out to one of our consultants if you want to hear more about making your waste handling more efficient.

What is the difference between a compactor and a screw compactor?

A compactor uses a powerful press plate to compact the waste horizontally into a container.

A screw compactor, which is also sometimes referred to as an auger compactor, combines crushing and compacting. It is extended with a strong rotating screw, or auger. The screw uses powerful rotations to crush and compact the material. The rotating screw pulls the material into the container.

The screw compactor is especially suited to handle bulky materials such as cardboard and wood.

When compared with regular compactors, the waste can be expected to be up to 60% more compacted in a screw compactor.

What kind of preparations do I need to do before installing my static or screw compactor?

Before installing your static or screw compactors you need to prepare some structural or site adaptions.

The compactor must be installed on a solid, leveled ground. The press unit must be properly installed by being bolted to the ground, which must be concrete or pavement, or by being bolted to the building.

You also need to lay out guiding rails in the floor to make sure the container unit is positioned correctly on the press unit. Finally, you need to make sure that you have the correct electrical connection in place.

Our experienced team of consultants can help you clarify what you need to take into account and what you need to prepare to get the best start with your compactor.

I handle waste that contains a lot of residual liquids – can I use a compactor for that?

There are special screw compactors for handling waste that contains a lot of liquids or waste that is very wet.

These compactors combine powerful draining with high compaction. They can be used to separate solid waste material from liquids or to remove residual liquids from waste products. The system effectively drains out free-flowing contents from beverage containers such as plastic cups, Tetra Pak packaging, cans, or PET bottles, or drains sewage sludge and industrial waste.

The drained-out liquid is discharged via a drainage pipe and can be collected in a trough or led further into the drainage system. Drained material is easier to process or recycle and the drained solid waste material can be energetically utilized in incinerator plants. Furthermore, the reduction in weight as a result of draining enables considerable cost savings in waste disposals.

Can I have my compactor in another colour?

Yes, you can. All our compactors are available in standard RAL-colours. They are painted with a durable lead and chromate free paint.

Furthermore, their large smooth surfaces offer plenty of room for a company logo.

How do I operate a compactor?
A compactor is very easy to use. You load your waste into the machine and, depending on your solution, press the start button to run a press cycle or wait for the press cycle to start automatically.
Can a screw compactor handle bulky waste?

Yes – a screw compactor is designed for handling bulky waste! The powerful screw effortlessly crush even the bulkiest materials. The screw compactor can also handle expandable materials.

By crushing the material before it is compacted, you get a much higher compaction ratio.

Why is wet waste difficult to burn?
Wet waste is difficult to burn for two reasons: steam and cooling. When water boils, it creates steam. The steam displaces the oxygen around the flame. With less oxygen available for burning, the flame will slowly suffocate. Cooling relates to the temperature in the burning pile. Water boils and vaporizes at 100˚ Celsius. Most materials need much higher temperatures to burn. Since water has the lowest burning temperature, the temperature will not rise to more than 100˚ Celsius until all the water has vaporized from the pile. This means that the other materials will not burn properly if there is water in the pile. As a result, the combustion process will never be properly utilized if the waste is wet.
Can I perform maintenance on the compactor myself?
No, any maintenance and service should be done by a professional service technician.
Can I rent a compactor?

Yes. We offer very flexible rental agreements and both short-term and long-term rentals are available.

After the rental period, you can extend the rental period, buy the machine, or give it back to us. To get the most out of your compactor and to keep total track of your expenses, you can add a service agreement to your tenancy. The service agreement can be an annual service check or a full-service agreement throughout the entire rental period.

Contact one of our sales consultants to hear more about the flexible possibilities about renting a compactor.

What is a waste compactor?

A waste compactor, is, as the name suggests, a machine that compacts waste. They are large and heavy-duty machines that can take mixed waste in large quantities – several tons at a time – and compress them into a smaller and more contained amounts.

The compactor consists of a press unit and a container unit. The press unit compacts the waste horizontally into the container. When the compactor is full, it is picked up by a waste collector. Depending on the material, it is then transported to a recycling station or an incineration facility. Compactors are available in a range of sizes and varieties depending on the type of material and the amount and volume of waste the machine will be processing.

I worry about safety and access to my machine – can I prevent unauthorized people access?

Yes, you can. If your compactor will be placed in a place with public access, you can prevent unauthorized people from using it with a digital auto lock.

The lock prevents people from throwing waste into the compactor and running a press cycle. The lock can be controlled with a pin code or a key tag. This way, only you and the people you give the pin code or a key tag to can use the compactor.

A digital auto lock can be a good idea if many people have access to the compactor, if the compactor is unattended, or if people have access to the compactor during all hours of the day.

Can I install my compactor outside?
Yes, you can install your compactor outside. Our compactors are designed to withstand any kind of weather. Their robust fully welded steel construction prevents formation of rust. Furthermore, they are treated with a high quality and durable paint to prevent flakey paint and rust. All mechanical and electrical parts are protected from wear and tear inside the machine.
Why is wet waste difficult to burn?
Wet waste is difficult to burn, or combust, for two reasons: steam and cooling. Steam When water boils, it creates steam. The steam displaces the oxygen around the flame. With less oxygen available for burning, the flame will slowly suffocate. Cooling Cooling relates to the temperature in the burning pile and the ignition temperatures of the materials being burned. Ignition temperature is the temperature at which the material starts burning. Water has an ignition temperature of 100˚ Celsius. That is when it boils. Most solid materials have ignition temperatures that are much higher and they will not burn at 100˚ Celcius. Because water has the lowest ignition temperature out of all the materials in the pile (100˚ Celcius), the temperature in the waste pile will not get above 100˚ Celcius until all the water has vapourized. This is the principle of cooling. However, 100˚ Celcius is way too low for any other material to burn. So, the other material will not burn properly until all the water is gone and the temperature in the pile rises. If more wet waste is continuously thrown on top of the pile at the incineration facility, the combustion process will never be fully utilized. Some governments prohibit wet, moist and undrained waste in incineration facilities. By draining your waste, you reduce the amount of water it contains and help the waste burn better at the incineration facility.
What type of waste material can I put in a compactor?

That depends on the compactor. As a rule of thumb, you can use a compactor to compact all soft materials. Examples of soft materials include cardboard, shredded paper, news paper, paper bags, soft dry plastic, and PET bottles.

There are also compactors for wet waste, polystyrene, EPS, and wood.

We always recommend that you consult with us if you wish to use your compactor for any other materials than the listed and recommended materials.

Is a compactor safe to operate?
A compactor is very safe to operate. All our compactors are thoroughly tested to ensure that they meet the highest safety standards. Furthermore, all mechanical and electrical parts are placed inside the machine –out of reach for users. The control panel is placed on the outside of the machine and gives the user easy access to start the machine. An emergency stop is also placed on the control panel within fast and easy reach.
Why should I drain my waste?

You achieve several advantages by draining your waste. First, wet waste is very heavy. Draining it means that you reduce the weight, density and mass. As a result, you can use smaller compactors and fewer and smaller containers to store your waste in. Ultimately, this means a reduction in the number of waste pick-ups.

Second, wet waste is difficult to process by incineration. Incineration is the process of burning waste to recover energy. Wet waste weakens the burning process and the energy is not released as well if the waste is dry. Therefore, some governments even prohibit wet, moist and undrained waste in incineration facilities.

Can I compact contaminated EPS / XPS / EPE / EPP material?
Yes, you can. Dirty EPS / XPS /EPE / EPP and similar materials are not a problem and can still be recycled.
Why should I drain my waste?

There are several advantages of draining your waste.

Cost savings and revenue

You can significantly reduce your costs for waste disposal if you drain your waste.

Damp and wet waste is very heavy. Draining out liquids reduces the weight and the density of your waste. Your waste takes up less space – and as a result, you can use smaller compactors and fewer and smaller containers to store your waste in. You can also reduce the number of waste pick-ups significantly, because you can store a lot more waste on-site.

The result is an instantly positive effect on your waste handling bill.

The drained-out liquids can also be collected and sold to producers of biomass and converted into biofuel. Biofuel is fuel that is developed from organic materials, a renewable and sustainable source of energy used to create electricity or other forms of power.

Selling your residual liquid as biomass can help you generate a profit from your waste. This increases the write-off of your equipment.


Drained material is easier to process by incineration. Incineration is the process of burning waste to recover energy. Energy from incineration is used for electricity and district heating. However, wet waste weakens the burning process and the energy is not released as well if the waste is dry.

What happens to the waste after it has been compacted?
After the waste has been compacted, it is stored in the adjoining container. When the container is full, it is picked up by your waste collector and emptied before it is reattached.
What’s the difference between a static compactor and a Self-Contained Compactor?

In short, the difference between a static compactor and a self-Contained Compactor is whether the press unit stays on-site or if it is attached to and follows the container.

Static compactor

A static compactor is designed to stay on-site. The press unit and the container unit are separate units and the press unit is bolted to a concrete base.

The container is attached to the press unit by ratchets. When the container is full, it is picked up for emptying and a replacement container is put into position on the press unit.

The static compactors are very well suited to handle very large amounts of waste and in situations where the is a need for constant filling.

Self-Contained Compactor

In a Self-Contained Compactor, the press unit is integrated with the container. This means that the entire unit is picked up for emptying when it is full.

The Self-Contained Compactor is often slightly smaller and have less capacity than a static compactor, because it must be easy to pick up and transport on a truck.

The Self-Contained Compactor is suitable for applications where space is confined. They can handle a wide range of waste materials including cardboard, paper, plastic, combustible waste or organic waste.

How much waste do I need before I should consider a compactor solution?

There is no simple answer to this question. Compactors are designed to handle large amounts of waste, but there might be other reasons to choose a compactor solution as well.

When we make an evaluation for you to determine your need for a compactor we consider the size of your company, your internal work structures and processes, waste handling procedures, your work flow, the time you spend handling waste, and your current solution.

All these data help us determine the best solution for you to save time and money on your waste handling.

How much does a Self-Contained Compactor weigh?

It depends on the size and the model.

If you want to know the exact weight of a Self-Contained Compactor, please see to the product specific tech specs.

What’s the difference between a static compactor and a Self-Contained Compactors?

The difference between a static compactor and a Self-Contained Compactors is whether the press unit stays on-site or if it is attached to the container.

A static compactor consists of two separate units – the press unit and the container unit. The press unit is bolted to a concrete base and stays on on-site.

In a Self-Contained Compactors, the press unit is integrated with the container. This means that both the container and the press unit is picked up for emptying.

Why should I compact my EPS / XPS / EPE / EPP?
There are several advantages to compacting your EPS, XPS, EPE, and EPP material. Compacted EPS, EPE, and EPP material can be sold on to recyclers. If your company regularly deals with polystyrene waste, it can make a lucrative revenue stream. Organisations in any industry can sell their used EPS, XPS, EPE, EPP and similar materials to recyclers. Small quantities can be uneconomic to recycle, but many companies store their compacted EPS, EPE, and EPP material and have recyclers collect it when there is enough to make it worthwhile. The prices vary. Please contact your local recycler to get an exact quote. Many companies make their waste into an extra revenue stream. With a compaction ratio of up to 50:1 (up to 700 Kg/m³ density) you can also gain significant savings in terms of space and waste storage costs at your facility; but also in terms of transportation costs, because you can fit a lot more material on each truckload.
Other compacting equipment
Why should I use a screw compactor for my polystyrene?

With a screw compactor, you get up to 90 pct. reduction in volume of your polystyrene and expandable plastic.

Polystyrene and other expandable plastic materials contain roughly 98 pct. air. The screw compactor divides the polystyrene into fine granulates and turn them into blocks that are easy to stack on a pallet.

The process of forming blocks is like this: The granulates enter the baler channel via an auger. Here the counter pressure causes friction and thereby heat. The friction heat make the granulates melt slightly. This removes the air and reduces their size. The melted granulates stick together and can be compressed into high density, manageable blocks.

What is a polystyrene or EPS granulator?

An EPS granulator divides the polystyrene into fine granulates. This reduces the volume of the polystyrene by a third.

The granulator is fitted with a bag inside the machine that collects the granulates. The bag is easy to dispose of in your container.

What container sizes can I use in a tipping system?
Our tipping systems are for standard plastic containers between 370 litres and up to 1100 litres.
Can I use a tipping system if I have containers without wheels?
Yes, you can. We offer tipping systems with wheels so that you can lift your stationary plastic containers and bring them to your compactor. The wheels come in a fixed or flexible version and are equipped with brakes for your safety.
How does the polystyrene compactor account for different densities?
The machine is fitted with a meter that measures the density of the EPS and automatically adjusts machine settings to fit the density of the EPS that you throw in.
Can polystyrene be recycled?

Many people are not aware that polystyrene is recyclable. But it actually is very easy to recycle.

High density compressed polystyrene is easy to process into new plastic or foam products. Polystyrene is reused in almost every plastic product imaginable, from mobile phones, speakers, TVs, and toys. Reusing polystyrene is much cheaper – and more environmentally friendly – than producing new plastic.

This means that polystyrene is a very sought-after commodity that is very popular in e.g. China where a lot of plastic is needed for production.

Why can’t I just mix my polystyrene with the rest of my waste?

Polystyrene is an inactive material that doesn’t decay. When polystyrene is sent to a landfill it will stay there forever. Therefore, it is important that you handle your polystyrene responsibly.

If you handle a lot of polystyrene, compaction and recycling will reduce your total waste handling costs. When you compact your polystyrene, it takes up less space in your container. You can save money on waste collections and container rentals – and you take responsibility for the environment.

How does the granulator turn polystyrene boxes or plates into granulates?
The machine is fitted with a crusher. The crusher contains two shaft rotors. These rotate in high speed and in opposite directions and thereby efficiently cut the material into granulates.
What to do with my polystyrene blocks?
Polystyrene blocks are produced specifically to be recycled. Therefore, you can sell them to your local recycler and if not, we can recommend you someone who buys polystyrene blocks for recycling. Please contact us if you need assistance.
Why is the granulator filling placed so high that I have trouble reaching it?
The high filling opening is a matter of safety. It protects you from getting in contact with the crusher.
Does the polystyrene machine require manual filling?
Both manual and automatic filling is possible. If you handle large quantities of polystyrene, it is possible to connect a conveyor belt or a ventilator to automate the filling.
How large pieces of polystyrene can the granulator handle?
The granulator can handle even very large pieces of EPS without you need to break them down first. The filling screen measures 548 x 552 mm.
What type of polystyrene can I throw into a granulator?

As a rule of thumb, you can granulate all types of polystyrene that you can break with your hands.

For polystyrene products that are more heavily compressed, e.g., insulating plates containing fire-retardant additives, XPS, or damp EPS, you must use a screw compactor.

What is the life time of the granulator?

It depends on the quantity and the type of polystyrene.

Our machines are built very sturdy with reinforced and rust resistant elements to enhance machine life time.

Waste materials
Do you have a small machine that can handle cardboard fruit crates?

Yes, our medium sized balers are perfect for cardboard fruit and vegetable boxes. These machines can handle a wide range of sizes, including cardboard grocery crates, cosmetic boxes, and stacking fruit and vegetable containers.

View the filling opening dimensions on our balers under Product Specifications.

Can I compact cans?

Yes, you can bale cans and other light metal waste (ie. aluminum) in a baler.

To bale cans, you will need a machine with a high press force that will compact the material during the first press cycle. With cross cylinders and long cylinder strokes, our X-series balers are designed for compacting cans and other heavy duty materials.

For a tight and stable bale, we suggest layering a piece of cardboard on both the top and bottom of the finished bale. Another option is to cover the finished bale in shrink wrap.

Can I compress oil drums?

Yes, we supply a drum crusher that is built to do just that. Our drum press is designed to crush standard 55 gallon drums and other non-explosive drums.

The press plate contains spikes which puncture the drum and remove air for a compaction ratio of up to 90 pct.

How can I compact soft plastic?

Soft plastic can be compacted in all of our vertical balers. The volume and shape of your material will help to determine the machine that is right for you.

A variety of products contain soft plastic recylable material. The most common types are plastic wrappers, stretch film and shrink wrap for goods delivered on pallets, soft carrier bags, and bin liners.

The better sorted the material, the higher the purity; and possibly the value as well.

Can I compact aluminium waste?

Yes, our X-series balers are perfect for compacting aluminum waste. These models are designed with X-shaped internal cylinders that create a very high press force. As a result, you are left with a very tight bale that is compacted during the first press cycle.

We recommend our X30 HD and X50 HD balers if you are planning on baling aluminum waste. To keep the bale stable, we suggest laying a piece of cardboard on both the top and bottom prior to compacting. Another option is to cover the finished bale with shrink wrap.

Is it possible to compact hard materials like scrap metal and wooden crates?
Contact a member of our sales team if you are planning on baling hard materials.
Do I need to clean the cans before compressing them?

The most imporant thing is to make sure the cans are empty prior to baling them. You do not need to clean them.

We offer a drain system add-on with a drip tray to catch liquid residue on select models . We also offer a galvanized model to extend the lifetime of the baler.

How to get rid of empty shoe boxes that take up a lot of space?

You can easily throw whole shoe and boot boxes into any of our small footprint balers. These balers is designed to take up a minimal amount of space.

View the filling opening dimensions on our balers under Product Specifications.

Do you have a compaction solution for recyclables that contain residual liquid?

Yes, we supply a draining add-on for select models. With this solution, you will be able to bale waste materials that contain liquids, such as aluminum cans and PET bottles.

To prevent splashing, our draining system also includes a seal for the bottom door. Learn more about the draining add-on here.

We also offer a galvanized model for customers who are interested in compacting materials with liquid residue, which will prolong the life of your baler.

Do I need to clean the oil drums before compressing them?
No, there is no need to clean out the drums. However, it is important to be sure that they do not have any potentially explosive and/or hazardous residue.
Can I use the same machine for cardboard and plastic?

Yes, you can easily use the same machine for both waste types, but not at the same time. We suggest making separate bales of solely cardboard or plastic.

While you are baling cardboard, collect and sort soft plastic waste, like shrink wrap. Once you tied off and ejected the cardboard bale, begin to make the plastic bale.

What type of cans can I compress in my baler?
You can bale a variety of different hazardous and non-hazardous cans, including aluminum, tin, paint, food, etc. However, this does not include pressurized spray cans.
Can I put folded and broken down cardboard boxes in the baler?
For a more efficient work flow, we recommend tossing whole boxes into the baler. Doing this will create a higher density bale, as well as optimize time spent on waste handling.
Do you have a baler that can handle wide boxes from TVs?

Yes, most of our balers can easily handle 60” widescreen TV boxes.

Our widest machines, the B6030 and X6030 balers, can handle up to 65” widescreen TV boxes. There is no need to break down the boxes first. View the filling opening dimensions on our balers under Product Specifications.

Can I compact PET bottles?

Yes, it is possible to bale PET bottles. However, before compacting, the bottles need to be perforated or the lids taken completely off. If not, the trapped air inside of the bottles will cause a looser, less compact bale. PET is one of the most abundant materials. It is found in soda bottles, water bottles, drinking cups, and food containers.

PET bottles can be baled in our X-series model balers. For a tighter and more stable bale, we recommend placing a layer of cardboard on both the top and bottom of the finished bale.

Can cardboard boxes be recycled?

Yes, cardboard boxes can be recycled very easily and efficiently. By recycling cardboard, you are reducing your environmental footprint while also contributing to the reuse and production of new cardboard material.

Cardboard is recyclable as long as it is dry and not contaminated with food or oil. Cardboard can be recycled many times over. The majority of cardboard is composed of about 70 – 90% recycled materials; however, some is composed of nearly 100% recycled materials.

During the recycling process at the paper mill, cardboard is first shredded into tiny pieces, also known as fibers. Next, the fibers are mixed with water and chemicals to be broken down. The end result is called pulp.

The pulp is then filtered to remove any and all debris, such as tape, glue, metal, dyes and ink. After it has been thoroughly cleaned, the pulp is left to dry. Once the drying process is complete, the pulp is then formed into solid sheets, or linerboards, which are glued together in layers to create new cardboard.

Installation and Operation
How do I know when the baler is full?

When the baler is full, the orange full-bale indicator light located under the start button will blink. The press plate will also stay in the down position. This prevents the chamber from being overfilled.

We also offer our BRA-IN monitoring solution, which automatically updates you when your machine is full. You will receive a text or email when the bale is finished, telling you it is time to tie off and eject. Our monitoring solution also allows you to notify your recycler or hauler when an agreed upon number of bales are ready for pickup. Learn more about BRA-IN Bramidan Intelligent Monitoring Solution.

Is a baler difficult to operate?

No, our machines are very easy and simple to operate.

To start the automatic press cycle, press a single button and walk away. When the bale is finished, use the turnbuckle to open the lower door. Tying off the bale is very easy with our unique pre-loading system.

If a baler is placed in a public area – how can I prevent unauthorized people from using it?
A digital lockpad can be installed on all of our machines. Only users with the security access code can operate the baler.
Can a baler be delivered for both 440V and 690V power supply?

Yes, we do.

Contact a member of our sales team to hear about the different power packs we supply.

Can you modify the power supply on my existing machine?

Yes, we can modify the machine’s power pack to match most power requirements.

Contact a member of our sales team to find a solution that is right for you.

Is a baler safe to operate?

Yes, Bramidan balers are safe to operate. Our vertical balers meet the highest safety standards. All of our equipment is accredited by ANSI Z245.5 and OSHA Safety Standards. All control panels are UL and CUL approved.

To protect users, all moving parts are placed inside the machine. In order to eject a finished bale, the operator must stand safely next to the machine and use a two-handed ejection system.

How does tying the bale work?

All of our balers have a special pre-load system, which makes it both safe and easy to tie off a carboard or plastic bale. Since the wire and strapping is loaded prior to baling, there is no need to go behind the baler.

  1. While the baler is empty, pull the strapping or wire along the channels inside the chamber and secure with a loop at the front of the machine.
  2. Baler is ready to use – toss in material and make a cardboard or plastic bale.
  3. When baler is full, pull the strapping or wire from the back of the chamber to the front. Tie with the loops you made earlier.
  4. The machine has a knife attached to easily cut strapping.
  5. Eject the finished bale.
What kind of power supply is needed?

All of our small footprint balers have a single-phase power pack for easy installation.

Our low-profile X10 HD baler is available with both a three-phase or single-phase power pack.

Can people under the age of 18 years operate your balers?
All our machines can be operated by everyone – also people under the age of 18 years. However, you must be 18 years or older to empty machines larger than our B3. Due to the built-in safety mechanisms, it only requires a short instruction before all employees can operate the machine safely.
Is it possible to place the machine up against the wall?
Yes, our machines can be placed against the wall. If strapping rolls are placed on the back of the machine, we can easily remount a new strapping roll holder on top. This way, you can push the baler up against the wall.
How long is the press cycle?
The press cycles are very fast. All of our machines have a press cycle of less than 43 seconds.
Is the surface of your balers durable?
All of our balers receive a high-quality, anti-rust treatment to strengthen and protect the surfaces, as well as flaking paint.
How many bales can I produce per hour?
The number of bales per hour depends on the baler model and material. In general, you should be able to get 3 – 4 bales in our smaller machines. For our larger machines, you will get two or less.
Where should I install my machine?

The best place to install your baler depends on your internal work procedure and waste flow. We suggest placing the baler near the waste source to allow for more efficient waste handling.

We are happy to help you find the best location for your machine.

Does a baler require a lot of maintenance?

Our balers are high-quality machines that are designed for a minimum amount of maintenance and low costs.

Depending on the type of baler and level of use, we recommend preventive maintenance once a year to keep the equipment running long term.

Learn more about our service team here.

Should I place my baler indoors or outdoors?

We recommend placing the machine indoors. If it is outdoors, it must be placed under a covered roof in weather that is not excessively cold or rainy.

Be aware that placing the baler in a consistently cold environment will affect its performance. If it is located in an area that is very cold, we recommend a special hydrualic oil to prevent potential issues.

Contact a member of our sales team if you are interested in placing a machine outside or in a cold environment.

Can I get a baler that ties the bales automatically?
No, we do not. All of our vertical balers are manual tie.
Where do I get wire and strapping to tie bales?
We offer a variety of different strapping and wire for your baler. Contact a member of our sales team for a quote.
Do I have to tie the bales myself?
Yes, our balers require manual tying. However, it is very easy and quick to tie a finished bale with our unique tying system.
How is the oil disposed of after an oil change?
When we perform an oil change on your machine, we essentially clean the oil very thoroughly for microparticles before we re-add it to the machine. In this way, there is practically no waste oil as the oil is reused.
Is a baler noisy?
Our vertical balers are very quiet, in fact, they are the quietest on the market due to the state-of-the-art power packs. The noise level on our machines is equivalent to that of a computer printer. Since they are so low, our machines can be placed in a variety of work spaces without causing a disruption.
Is it possible to transport a machine to the 1st floor with a normal elevator?

Depending on the dimensions and max load of your elevator, this may be possible.

Please consider extra space around the machine for packaging and wrapping, if you plan to transport in an elevator. Our balers are not delivered on pallets, as they are always manufactured with lifting groves. All of our balers are shipped standing up. In the case of transporting balers from our B-series, it is possible to lower the external cylinders to keep the height as low as possible. However, this requires extra service hours and may incur an additional fee.

Is it possible to tie the bales with wires instead of polyester strapping?
Yes, most of our balers accommodate baling wire. However, our smaller models can only be used with strapping.
Troubleshooting and baler repair
Why did my cardboard baler/baylor/bailer stop working after a power outage/brown out, it still has power?
It may be due to a possible motor rotation issue. Please call for service.
Why isn’t the baler/baylor/bailer working even though it’s connected to power?
Check the stop switch to make sure it is not pressed. Press the reset button on panel if available. If not available, call for service.
Why does my baler/baylor/bailer stop a couple of inches after top loading door is opened?
It is possible the sensor switch (limit, photocell, reflector) is out of adjustment. Call us for assistance.
Why is the motor on my baler/baylor/bailer more quiet than normal? Crusher/piston is not moving?
It could be due to one of the following issues: It is possible the motor coupler is loose. Call for service. The direct drive shaft may be broken. Call for service. Possible defective pump. Call for service.
Why do I have to hold the start/key switch on my baler/baylor/bailer when it is in auto?
The bottom door of the chamber may not be closed 100%, causing the door sensor to activate. It is also possible the door sensor may be out of alignment and is in need of an adjustment. Please contact us for service.
Why is my bale getting stuck three quarters of the way out upon ejection?
If the unit uses chains, they may be stretched and will need to be adjusted/replaced, call for service. The bale may be larger than recommended by OEM. If the unit is new, the bale could possibly be getting stuck on paint. The ejection system may need to be inspected, call for service.
Why is my baler/baylor/bailer top loading door hard to open and close?
Possible counterweight issue, call for service. Possible sprocket or chain issue, call for service. Possible door bowed, call for service.
Why is my baler/baylor/bailer not retracting back up? The press stays down.
It could be caused by one of the following: Possible pressure switch error. Call for service. Possible stuck valve. Call for service.
Why is my baler/baylor/bailer turnbuckle/ratchet/binder hard to open and close?
To solve this issue, we recommend taking the following steps: Grease the turnbuckle/ratchet/binder. It could be possible that the turnbuckle/ratchet/binder is bowed, bent or worn. Please call for service.
Why is my baler/baylor/bailer bottom/chamber door hard to open and close?
To solve this issue: grease the door hinges. If that did not help, it could be possible that the hinges are worn. Please call for assistance.
Why is there a loud bang coming from the baler/baylor/bailer when it is crushing, especially once it is getting full?
This may be due to a possible cylinder pin issue. Please call for service.
Is it normal for oil to be on top of the plunger/crusher/platen or on the bale itself?
No, there is most likely some type of leak from one of the hose(s), cylinder(s) or the power unit. Call for service.
Why is my baler/baylor/bailer working with the top loading door open?
This is caused by an error where the safety sensor is not working correctly or is being bypassed. Please call for service.
Troubleshooting and compactor repair
How often should I perform maintenance on my waste compactor/crusher/garbage disposal?
Please refer to the owner’s manual for the OEM recommendation on maintenance and PM schedules for your specific equipment. Generally, we recommend preventive maintenance at least once every year. Call us to schedule maintenance on your waste compactor, crusher, or garbage disposal.
Why is my compactor/crusher/garbage disposal tripping the main circuit breaker?
There could be a possible electrical issue with motor. Please call for service. There could be a possible weak/old circuit breaker. Please call an electrician.
My compactor/crusher/garbage disposal has power, but the motor is not working. What should I do?
Check for a RESET on the panel. If none is available, call for service assistance.
Why is my compactor/crusher/garbage disposal not retracting?
Check that hoses are connected properly. Other possible issues: Possible limit switch/sensor issue, call for service. Possible pressure switch issue, call for service. Possible directional valve issue, call for service.
Can the oil in my industrial compactor/crusher/garbage disposal evaporate?
No, oil can not evaporate. There could be a possible leak on the power unit, hoses or cylinder(s). We recommend having a technician take a look. Please call for service.
Why is my garbage compactor/crusher/garbage disposal saying it is full when it was just emptied?
Check hoses to ensure they are connected. Push and pull E-stop for possible full reset.
I can hear my compactor/crusher/garbage disposal motor running but the crusher/platen is not moving?
Check site gauge/oil view port for oil level. Check for oil on ground near compactor or power unit.
Is there anything I can do to stop the bad smell/odor on my compactor/crusher/garbage disposal?
We suggest using the following products to fix the odor/smell: Glacier Ozone Sonozaire Liquid deodorizer Odor granules
Why is my trash compactor/crusher/garbage disposal not working?
Has your equipment been emptied recently? It is possible that the hauler switch is turned off or the main disconnect is off. Check the top switch.
Why is my compactor/crusher/garbage disposal motor running but trash/cardboard/plastic is not going down in chute/hole in wall?
It is possible there could be a jam in the chute bridge. We recommend calling for service.
Why does the oil display/site gauge look like milk?
The oil is contaminated with water. You will need an oil change and inspection. Call for service.
What type of oil does my compactor/crusher/garbage disposal use?
Check owner’s manual for oil information. Most units can use AW32 or AW46 oil.
General questions
What is your service response time?
We have a nationwide network of service providers. Our experienced technicians respond as quickly as possible.
How long has Bramidan been in business?

Bramidan has been in business for nearly 50 years, with more than 1100,000 machines installed worldwide.

We are one of the largest suppliers of vertical balers and compactors in the industry with distributors located in almost all 50 states.

What type of certifications do you have?
Our vertical balers are accredited by UL, American National Standards Institute (ANSI), CSA Group (SA), and the National Waste & Recycling Association.
Can I sell my finished bales?
We recommend contacting your local recycler, who will advise whether they can buy and pick up your finished cardboard or plastic bales.
Where do your balers ship from?
Our machines are shipped from one of our warehouses, located just outside of Chicago in Addison, IL or Houston, TX
What is included in the price?
Our standard quotations include freight to dock, installation and training on site. Each new machine comes with a starter set of our poly-blend baler strapping. We also provide customer support via phone and email, if needed.
Who else purchases from you?
We are proud to supply machines for many well known companies, across a wide range of industries. Read more about our customers and their experience with our balers here.
Do you know who can pick up my bales?
Usually, your regular waste collector can handle the bales. Otherwise, we recommend contacting your local recycler who may be able to help you.
Do you offer brochures and manuals in any languages other than English?
Our brochures and manuals are available in 45 different languages. If the language you are looking for is unavailable, we can provide a translated version with the delivery of the machine.
Do you offer full automatic solutions?

Depending on your specific needs, fully automatic waste solutions are available.

Please contact a member of our sales team to learn more about our automatic solutions.

What is your warranty period?
We offer a 12-month warranty period as standard on all machines.
Can I get a longer warranty period?
If you choose a full-service agreement, you get up to 36 months’ warranty. A full-service agreement includes the compulsory safety check every year as well as maintenance and update of your machine.
Do you provide discounts?
Yes, discounts are offered on a case-by-case basis. Plesae contact a member of our sales team for more information.
Do I need a baler or a compactor?

The type of waste handling equipment you need depends on a number of different factors: The amount of waste you generate on a daily basis, as well as the waste type. Another factor to consider is the amount of space you have in your facility.

The right waste solution should be tailored to your company’s structure and internal work processes to ensure a perfect fit.

A member of our sales team can assist you in making the right decision.

Do you do rentals?
If you aren’t ready to invest in a baler, we offer both rental and leasing options. Please contact a member of our sales team for more information on renting and leasing a machine.
What kind of monitoring technology do your machines have?

All of our balers are equipped with BRA-IN technology. BRA-IN is a web portal for intelligent fleet monitoring. Using a modem, machine data is collected.

With BRA-IN you can:

  • Control your entire fleet of machines
  • Receive a text message or email when there is a full bale
  • Advise your recycler directly when a bale is ready for pickup
  • Track the number of bales made over time
  • Save time and money with remote service and troubleshooting
  • Calculate the total cost of ownership
Why choose a baler solution?

By compacting your recyclable waste, like cardboard and soft plastic, in a vertical baler, you can significantly reduce waste handling costs at your facility.

You will also reduce the overall volume of waste, removing the need to rent containers and allowing for less pickups. You save space in your facility, improve internal logistics and create a more efficient work flow.

Contact us today to discuss how we can help you find a baler solution that’s right for you.

Is it possible to try a baler before I buy it?

Yes. We offer a free trial which allows you to try out the machine in your facility.

If you decide not to keep the machine at the end of the trial period, the only expense you are responsible for is return freight to one of our warehouses.

What is the price of your machines?

Our equipment prices are very competitive and the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) is low.

Please contact a member of our sale team to compare the total costs of your current waste management solution. Through this analysis, you will be able to determine the total savings and yield of investing in a Bramidan baler.

Can you customize equipment?

Yes, we offer customized versions of our vertical balers in a range of different colors.

Please contact a member of our sales team for more information.

Do you offer pre-owned machines?

Yes, we offer used, refurbished, and demo machines. Our pre-owned inventory varies depending on the current stock.

Please contact a member of our sales team for available pre-owned balers.

Can you provide a special machine?
We are happy to help you find the right waste handling solution. If you have a special alteration request, please contact a member of our sales team. We will do our best to meet your needs whenever possible.
What is the lead time of a machine?
Lead time is dependent upon the model and delivery location. We keep a minimum stock for our regular customers with delivery between 2-3 weeks. Please contact your local distributor to find out the delivery time of a specific model.

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Kristian Buur
John Bruno
Sales Director
Emily May
Sales Manager
Jackie Dargavel
Director of National Accounts

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